On This Day … 22 September

Events

  • 904 – The warlord Zhu Quanzhong kills Emperor Zhaozong, the penultimate emperor of the Tang dynasty, after seizing control of the imperial government.
  • 1236 – The Samogitians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in the Battle of Saule.
  • 1499 – The Treaty of Basel concludes the Swabian War.
  • 1586 – The Battle of Zutphen is a Spanish victory over the English and Dutch.
  • 1711 – The Tuscarora War begins in present-day North Carolina.
  • 1761 – George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz are crowned King and Queen, respectively, of the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1776 – Nathan Hale is hanged for spying during the American Revolution.
  • 1789 – Battle of Rymnik: Alexander Suvorov’s Russian and allied army defeats superior Ottoman Empire forces.
  • 1857 – The Russian warship Lefort capsizes and sinks during a storm in the Gulf of Finland, killing all 826 aboard.
  • 1866 – The Battle of Curupayty is Paraguay’s only significant victory in the Paraguayan War.
  • 1885 – Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to the Irish Home Rule movement.
  • 1908 – Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Bulgaria from the Ottoman Empire in 1908.
  • 1914 – A German submarine sinks three British cruisers over a seventy-minute period, killing almost 1500 sailors.
  • 1939 – World War II: A joint German–Soviet military parade in Brest-Litovsk is held to celebrate the successful invasion of Poland.
  • 1941 – The Holocaust in Ukraine: On the Jewish New Year Day, the German SS murders 6,000 Jews in Vinnytsia, Ukraine.
    • Those are the survivors of the previous killings that took place a few days earlier in which about 24,000 Jews were executed.
  • 1948 – Israeli-Palestine conflict: The All-Palestine Government is established by the Arab League.
  • 1960 – The Sudanese Republic is renamed Mali after the withdrawal of Senegal from the Mali Federation.
    • Independence Day (Mali).
  • 1965 – The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, ends after the United Nations calls for a ceasefire.
  • 1979 – A bright flash, resembling the detonation of a nuclear weapon, is observed near the Prince Edward Islands.
    • Its cause is never determined.
  • 1980 – Iraq invades Iran.
  • 1993 – A Transair Georgian Airlines Tu-154 is shot down by a missile in Sukhumi, Georgia.
  • 1995 – An E-3B AWACS crashes outside Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska after multiple bird strikes to two of the four engines soon after takeoff; all 24 on board are killed.
  • 1995 – The Nagerkovil school bombing is carried out by the Sri Lanka Air Force in which at least 34 die, most of them ethnic Tamil schoolchildren.
  • Resistance Fighting Day (Estonia).

People (Births)

  • 1833 – Stephen D. Lee, American general and academic (d. 1908).
  • 1841 – Andrejs Pumpurs, Latvian soldier and poet (d. 1902).
  • 1862 – Anastasios Charalambis, Greek lieutenant and politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1949).
  • 1882 – Wilhelm Keitel, German field marshal (d. 1946).
  • 1901 – Nadezhda Alliluyeva, second wife of Joseph Stalin (d. 1932).
  • 1920 – Anders Lassen, Danish-English soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1945).
  • 1924 – J. William Middendorf, American soldier and politician, 14th United States Secretary of the Navy.
  • 1931 – George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, Scottish banker and politician, Secretary of State for Defence (d. 2003).
  • 1934 – Jack McGregor, American captain, lawyer, and politician.
  • 1948 – Denis Burke, Australian soldier and politician, 6th Chief Minister of the Northern Territory.
  • 1949 – James Cartwright, American general.
  • 1961 – Liam Fox, Scottish physician and politician, Secretary of State for Defence.

People (Deaths)

  • 189 – He Jin, Chinese general and regent (b. 135).
  • 1399 – Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, English politician, Earl Marshal of The United Kingdom (b. 1366).
  • 1776 – Nathan Hale, American soldier (b. 1755).
  • 1914 – Alain-Fournier, French soldier and author (b. 1886).
  • 1957 – Soemu Toyoda, Japanese admiral (b. 1885).
  • 2000 – Saburō Sakai, Japanese lieutenant and pilot (b. 1916).
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