On This Day … 15 September

Events

  • 668 – Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.
  • 994 – Major Fatimid victory over the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of the Orontes.
  • 1762 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Signal Hill.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: British forces land at Kip’s Bay during the New York Campaign.
  • 1794 – French Revolutionary Wars: Arthur Wellesley (later Duke of Wellington) sees his first combat at the Battle of Boxtel during the Flanders Campaign.
  • 1795 – Britain seizes the Dutch Cape Colony in southern Africa to prevent its use by the Batavian Republic.
  • 1812 – The Grande Armée under Napoleon reaches the Kremlin in Moscow.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: A second supply train sent to relieve Fort Harrison is ambushed in the Attack at the Narrows.
  • 1816 – HMS Whiting runs aground on the Doom Bar.
  • 1820 – Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal.
  • 1821 – The Captaincy General of Guatemala declares independence from Spain.
    • Independence Day, celebrates the independence from Spain in 1821 of Guatemala (a Patriotic Day), El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica.
  • 1835 – HMS Beagle, with Charles Darwin aboard, reaches the Galápagos Islands. The ship lands at Chatham or San Cristobal, the easternmost of the archipelago.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Confederate forces capture Harpers Ferry, Virginia (present-day Harpers Ferry, West Virginia).
  • 1873 – Franco-Prussian War: The last Imperial German Army troops leave France upon completion of payment of indemnity.
  • 1894 – First Sino-Japanese War: Japan defeats Qing dynasty China in the Battle of Pyongyang.
  • 1916 – World War I: Tanks are used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somme.
  • 1918 – World War I: Allied troops break through the Bulgarian defenses on the Macedonian front.
  • 1935 – The Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of citizenship.
  • 1935 – Nazi Germany adopts a new national flag bearing the swastika.
  • 1940 – World War II: The climax of the Battle of Britain, when the Luftwaffe launches its largest and most concentrated attack of the entire campaign.
  • 1942 – World War II: US Navy aircraft carrier USS Wasp is sunk by Japanese torpedoes at Guadalcanal.
  • 1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill meet in Quebec as part of the Octagon Conference to discuss strategy.
  • 1944 – Battle of Peleliu begins as the United States Marine Corps’ 1st Marine Division and the United States Army’s 81st Infantry Division hit White and Orange beaches under heavy fire from Japanese infantry and artillery.
  • 1948 – The Indian Army captures the towns of Jalna, Latur, Mominabad, Surriapet and Narkatpalli as part of Operation Polo.
  • 1948 – The F-86 Sabre sets the world aircraft speed record at 671 miles per hour (1,080 km/h).
  • 1950 – Korean War: The US X Corps lands at Inchon.
  • 1952 – The United Nations cedes Eritrea to Ethiopia.
  • 1962 – The Soviet ship Poltava heads toward Cuba, one of the events that sets into motion the Cuban Missile Crisis.
  • Battle of Britain Day (United Kingdom).
  • Cry of Dolores, celebrated on the eve of Independence Day (Mexico).
  • Earliest day on which German-American Steuben Parade can fall, while September 21 is the latest; celebrated on the third Saturday in September (United States, especially New York City).
  • Earliest day on which POW/MIA Recognition Day can fall, while September 21 is the latest; celebrated on the third Friday in September (United States).

People (Births)

  • 1613 – François de La Rochefoucauld, French soldier and author (d. 1680).
  • 1715 – Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval, French general and engineer (d. 1789).
  • 1759 – Cornelio Saavedra, Argentinean general and politician (d. 1829).
  • 1760 – Bogislav Friedrich Emanuel von Tauentzien, Prussian general (d. 1824).
  • 1867 – Vladimir May-Mayevsky, Russian general (d. 1920).
  • 1901 – Donald Bailey, English engineer, designed Bailey bridge (d. 1985).
  • 1913 – John N. Mitchell, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 67th United States Attorney General (d. 1988).
  • 1913 – Johannes Steinhoff, German general and pilot (d. 1994).
  • 1914 – Creighton Abrams, American general (d. 1974).
  • 1916 – Frederick C. Weyand, American general (d. 2010).
  • 1918 – Phil Lamason, New Zealand soldier and pilot (d. 2012).
  • 1919 – Fausto Coppi, Italian cyclist and soldier (d. 1960).
  • 1924 – Mordechai Tzipori, Israeli politician and soldier (d. 2017).
  • 1927 – Rudolf Anderson, pilot and commissioned officer in the United States Air Force (d. 1962).
  • 1934 – Fred Nile, Australian soldier, minister, and politician.
  • 1941 – Mirosław Hermaszewski, Polish general, pilot, and astronaut.
  • 1955 – Željka Antunović, Croatian politician, 9th Croatian Minister of Defence.
  • 1963 – Stephen C. Spiteri, Maltese military historian.

People (Deaths)

  • 1146 – Alan, 1st Earl of Richmond, English soldier (b. 1100).
  • 1813 – Antoine Étienne de Tousard, French general and engineer (b. 1752).
  • 1830 – William Huskisson, English financier and politician, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies (b. 1770).
  • 1842 – Francisco Morazán, Guatemalan general, lawyer, and politician, President of Central American Federation (b. 1792).
  • 1864 – John Hanning Speke, English soldier and explorer (b. 1827).
  • 1921 – Roman von Ungern-Sternberg, Austrian-Russian general (b. 1886).
  • 1975 – Franco Bordoni, Italian race car driver and pilot (b. 1913).
  • 1978 – Willy Messerschmitt, German engineer and academic, designed the Messerschmitt Bf 109 (b. 1898).
  • 2007 – Jeremy Moore, English general (b. 1928).
  • 2015 – Meir Pa’il, Israeli commander, historian, and politician (b. 1926).
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