On This Day … 29 August

Events

  • 708 – Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 708).
  • 870 – The city of Melite surrenders to an Aghlabid army following a siege, putting an end to Byzantine Malta.
  • 1315 – Battle of Montecatini: The army of the Republic of Pisa, commanded by Uguccione della Faggiuola, wins a decisive victory against the joint forces of the Kingdom of Naples and the Republic of Florence despite being outnumbered.
  • 1350 – Battle of Winchelsea (or Les Espagnols sur Mer): The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships.
  • 1475 – The Treaty of Picquigny ends a brief war between the kingdoms of France and England.
  • 1498 – Vasco da Gama decides to depart Calicut and return to Kingdom of Portugal.
  • 1521 – The Ottoman Turks capture Nándorfehérvár (Belgrade).
  • 1526 – Battle of Mohács: The Ottoman Turks led by Suleiman the Magnificent defeat and kill the last Jagiellonian king of Hungary and Bohemia.
  • 1541 – The Ottoman Turks capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom.
  • 1728 – The city of Nuuk in Greenland is founded as the fort of Godt-Haab by the royal governor Claus Paarss.
  • 1756 – Frederick the Great attacks Saxony, beginning the Seven Years’ War in Europe.
  • 1758 – The Treaty of Easton establishes the first American Indian reservation, at Indian Mills, New Jersey, for the Lenape.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: British and American forces battle indecisively at the Battle of Rhode Island.
  • 1786 – Shays’ Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, begins in response to high debt and tax burdens.
  • 1807 – British troops under Sir Arthur Wellesley defeat a Danish militia outside Copenhagen in the Battle of Køge.
  • 1831 – Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction.
  • 1842 – Treaty of Nanking signing ends the First Opium War.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries gives Federal forces control of Pamlico Sound.
  • 1871 – Emperor Meiji orders the abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: 14 July 1871).
  • 1885 – Gottlieb Daimler patents the world’s first internal combustion motorcycle, the Reitwagen.
  • 1898 – The Goodyear tire company is founded.
  • 1903 – The Slava, the last of the five Borodino-class battleships, is launched.
  • 1910 – The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, also known as the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty, becomes effective, officially starting the period of Japanese rule in Korea.
  • 1911 – The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy.
  • 1914 – World War I: Start of the Battle of St. Quentin in which the French Fifth Army counter-attacked the invading Germans at Saint-Quentin, Aisne.
  • 1915 – US Navy salvage divers raise F-4, the first US submarine sunk in an accident.
  • 1916 – The United States passes the Philippine Autonomy Act.
  • 1918 – World War I: Bapaume taken by the New Zealand Division in the Hundred Days Offensive.
  • 1941 – World War II: Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is occupied by Nazi Germany following an occupation by the Soviet Union.
  • 1943 – World War II: German-occupied Denmark scuttles most of its navy; Germany dissolves the Danish government.
  • 1944 – World War II: Slovak National Uprising takes place as 60,000 Slovak troops turn against the Nazis.
  • 1949 – Soviet atomic bomb project: The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb, known as First Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
  • 1950 – Korean War: British troops arrive in Korea to bolster the US presence there.
  • 1958 – United States Air Force Academy opens in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
  • 1970 – Chicano Moratorium against the Vietnam War, East Los Angeles, California.
    • Police riot kills three people, including journalist Rubén Salazar.
  • 1997 – At least 98 villagers are killed by the Armed Islamic Group of Algeria GIA in the Rais massacre, Algeria.
  • International Day against Nuclear Tests.
  • National Sports Day (India).

People (Births)

  • 1347 – John Hastings, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English nobleman and soldier (d. 1375).
  • 1514 – García Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Marquis of Villafranca, Spanish noble and admiral (d. 1577).
  • 1597 – Henry Gage, Royalist officer in the English Civil War (d. 1645).
  • 1628 – John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1701).
  • 1756 – Count Heinrich von Bellegarde, Austrian general and politician (d. 1845).
  • 1890 – Peder Furubotn, Norwegian Communist and anti-Nazi Resistance leader (d.1975).
  • 1936 – John McCain, American captain and politician (d. 2018).
  • 1937 – James Florio, American commander, lawyer, and politician, 49th Governor of New Jersey.
  • 1950 – Dave Reichert, American soldier and politician.
  • 1959 – Chris Hadfield, Canadian colonel, pilot, and astronaut.

People (Deaths)

  • 1021 – Minamoto no Yorimitsu, Japanese nobleman (b. 948).
  • 1526 – Pál Tomori Hungarian archbishop and soldier (b. 1475).
  • 1542 – Cristóvão da Gama, Portuguese commander (b. 1516).
  • 1866 – Tokugawa Iemochi, Japanese shōgun (b. 1846).
  • 1889 – Stefan Dunjov, Bulgarian colonel (b. 1815).
  • 1968 – Ulysses S. Grant III, American general (b. 1881).
  • 1975 – Éamon de Valera, Irish soldier and politician, 3rd President of Ireland (b. 1882).
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