On This Day … 26 June

Events

  • 4 AD – Augustus adopts Tiberius.
  • 221 – Roman emperor Elagabalus adopts his cousin Alexander Severus as his heir and receives the title of Caesar.
  • 363 – Roman emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sasanian Empire.
  • 1243 – Mongols defeat the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Köse Dağ.
  • 1295 – Przemysł II crowned king of Poland, following Ducal period. The white eagle is added to the Polish coat of arms.
  • 1407 – Ulrich von Jungingen becomes Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1460 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, and Edward, Earl of March, land in England with a rebel army and march on London.
  • 1483 – Richard III becomes King of England.
  • 1522 – Ottomans begin the second Siege of Rhodes.
  • 1579 – Livonian campaign of Stephen Báthory begins.
  • 1718 – Alexei Petrovich, Tsarevich of Russia, Peter the Great’s son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
  • 1723 – After a siege and bombardment by cannon, Baku surrenders to the Russians.
  • 1740 – A combined force of Spanish, free blacks and allied Indians defeat a British garrison at the Siege of Fort Mose near St. Augustine during the War of Jenkins’ Ear.
  • 1794 – French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Fleurus marked the first successful military use of aircraft.
  • 1830 – William IV becomes king of Britain and Hanover.
  • 1843 – Treaty of Nanking comes into effect, Hong Kong Island is ceded to the British “in perpetuity”.
  • 1848 – End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • 1857 – The first investiture of the Victoria Cross in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1917 – World War I: The American Expeditionary Forces begin to arrive in France. They will first enter combat four months later.
  • 1918 – World War I: Allied forces under John J. Pershing and James Harbord defeat Imperial German forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince in the Battle of Belleau Wood.
  • 1924 – The American occupation of the Dominican Republic ends after eight years.
  • 1936 – Initial flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first practical helicopter.
  • 1940 – World War II: Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet Union presents an ultimatum to Romania requiring it to cede Bessarabia and the northern part of Bukovina.
  • 1941 – World War II: Soviet planes bomb Kassa, Hungary (now Košice, Slovakia), giving Hungary the impetus to declare war the next day.
  • 1942 – The first flight of the Grumman F6F Hellcat.
  • 1944 – World War II: San Marino, a neutral state, is mistakenly bombed by the RAF based on faulty information, leading to 35 civilian deaths.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Osuchy in Osuchy, Poland, one of the largest battles between Nazi Germany and Polish resistance forces, ends with the defeat of the latter.
  • 1945 – The United Nations Charter is signed by 50 Allied nations in San Francisco, California.
  • 1948 – Cold War: The first supply flights are made in response to the Berlin Blockade.
  • 1953 – Lavrentiy Beria, head of MVD, is arrested by Nikita Khrushchev and other members of the Politburo.
  • 1960 – The former British Protectorate of British Somaliland gains its independence as Somaliland.
  • 1960 – Madagascar gains its independence from France.
  • 1963 – Cold War: US President John F. Kennedy gave his “Ich bin ein Berliner” speech, underlining the support of the United States for democratic West Germany shortly after Soviet-supported East Germany erected the Berlin Wall.
  • 1991 – Yugoslav Wars: The Yugoslav People’s Army begins the Ten-Day War in Slovenia.
  • 1995 – Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani deposes his father Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, the Emir of Qatar, in a bloodless coup d’état.
  • Army and Navy Day (Azerbaijan).

People (Births)

  • 1819 – Abner Doubleday, American general (d. 1893).
  • 1821 – Bartolomé Mitre, Argentinian soldier, journalist, and politician, 6th President of Argentina (d. 1906).
  • 1839 – Sam Watkins, American soldier and author (d. 1901).
  • 1898 – Chesty Puller, US general (d. 1971).
  • 1901 – Stuart Symington, American lieutenant and politician, 1st United States Secretary of the Air Force (d. 1988).
  • 1918 – Raleigh Rhodes, American combat fighter pilot (d. 2007).
  • 1921 – Violette Szabo, French secret agent (d. 1945).
  • 1923 – Ed Bearss, American veteran of World War II.
  • 1925 – Pavel Belyayev, Russian soldier, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1970).
  • 1936 – Benjamin Adekunle, Nigerian general (d. 2014).
  • 1939 – Chuck Robb, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 64th Governor of Virginia.
  • 1944 – Gennady Zyuganov, Russian colonel and politician.
  • 1956 – Patrick Mercer, English colonel and politician.

People (Deaths)

  • 1574 – Gabriel, comte de Montgomery, captain of the Scottish Guard of Henry II of France (b. 1530).
  • 1757 – Maximilian Ulysses Browne, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705).
  • 1793 – James Dickey, Irish revolutionary (b. 1776).
  • 1810 – Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, French inventor, co-invented the hot air balloon (b. 1740).
  • 1830 – George IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1762).
  • 1836 – Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, French soldier and composer (b. 1760).
  • 1879 – Richard H. Anderson, American general (b. 1821).
  • 1946 – Max Kögel, German SS officer (b. 1895).
  • 1979 – Akwasi Afrifa, Ghanaian soldier and politician, 3rd Head of State of Ghana (b. 1936).
  • 2003 – Denis Thatcher, English soldier and businessman (b. 1915).
  • 2003 – Strom Thurmond, American general, lawyer, and politician, 103rd Governor of South Carolina (b. 1902).
  • 2013 – Edward Huggins Johnstone, Brazilian-American sergeant and judge (b. 1922).
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.