On This Day … 25 June

Events

  • 524 – The Franks are defeated by the Burgundians in the Battle of Vézeronce.
  • 841 – In the Battle of Fontenay-en-Puisaye, forces led by Charles the Bald and Louis the German defeat the armies of Lothair I of Italy and Pepin II of Aquitaine.
  • 1258 – War of Saint Sabas: In the Battle of Acre, the Venetians defeat a larger Genoese fleet sailing to relieve Acre.
  • 1658 – Spanish forces fail to retake Jamaica at the Battle of Rio Nuevo during the Anglo-Spanish War.
  • 1678 – Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is the first woman awarded a doctorate of philosophy when she graduates from the University of Padua.
  • 1741 – Maria Theresa is crowned Queen of Hungary.
  • 1786 – Gavriil Pribylov discovers St. George Island of the Pribilof Islands in the Bering Sea.
  • 1876 – Battle of the Little Bighorn and the death of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer.
  • 1913 – American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913.
  • 1923 – Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refuelling in a DH.4B biplane.
  • 1940 – World War II: The French armistice with Germany comes into effect.
  • 1943 – The Holocaust: Jews in the Częstochowa Ghetto in Poland stage an uprising against the Nazis.
  • 1943 – The left-wing German Jewish exile Arthur Goldstein is murdered in Auschwitz.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in the Nordic countries, begins.
  • 1944 – World War II: United States Navy and British Royal Navy ships bombard Cherbourg to support United States Army units engaged in the Battle of Cherbourg.
  • 1947 – The Diary of a Young Girl (better known as The Diary of Anne Frank) is published.
  • 1948 – Cold War: The Berlin airlift begins.
  • 1950 – The Korean War begins with the invasion of South Korea by North Korea.
  • 1960 – Cold War: Two cryptographers working for the United States National Security Agency left for vacation to Mexico, and from there defected to the Soviet Union.
  • 1975 – Mozambique achieves independence from Portugal.
  • 1991 – Slovenia and Croatia declare their independence by referendum from Yugoslavia.
  • 1996 – The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia kills 19 US servicemen.

People (Births)

  • 1328 – William de Montagu, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English commander (d. 1397).
  • 1715 – Joseph Foullon de Doué, French soldier and politician, Controller-General of Finances (d. 1789).
  • 1863 – Émile Francqui, Belgian soldier and diplomat (d. 1935).
  • 1884 – Géza Gyóni, Hungarian soldier and poet (d. 1917).
  • 1886 – Henry H. Arnold, American general (d. 1950).
  • 1892 – Shirō Ishii, Japanese microbiologist and general (d. 1959).
  • 1900 – Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, English admiral and politician, 44th Governor-General of India (d. 1979).
  • 1918 – P. H. Newby, English soldier and author (d. 1997).
  • 1923 – Sam Francis, American soldier and painter (d. 1994).
  • 1928 – John A. Wickham Jr., US Army general.
  • 1935 – Salihu Ibrahim, Nigerian Army Officer (d. 2018).
  • 1946 – Roméo Dallaire, Dutch-Canadian general and politician.

People (Deaths)

  • 931 – An Chonghui, Chinese general.
  • 1579 – Hatano Hideharu, Japanese warlord (b. 1541).
  • 1673 – Charles de Batz-Castelmore d’Artagnan, French captain (b. 1611).
  • 1715 – Jean-Baptiste du Casse, French admiral and politician (b. 1646).
  • 1838 – François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo, French general and engineer (b. 1774).
  • 1876 – James Calhoun, American lieutenant (b. 1845).
  • 1876 – Boston Custer, American civilian army contractor (b. 1848).
  • 1876 – George Armstrong Custer, American general (b. 1839).
  • 1876 – Thomas Custer, American officer, Medal of Honour recipient (b. 1845).
  • 1876 – Myles Keogh, Irish-American officer (b. 1840).
  • 1917 – Géza Gyóni, Hungarian soldier and poet (b. 1884).
  • 1948 – William C. Lee, American general (b. 1895).
  • 1990 – Ronald Gene Simmons, American sergeant and murderer (b. 1940).
  • 2013 – Green Wix Unthank, American soldier and judge (b. 1923).
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