On This Day … 21 June

Events

  • 533 – A Byzantine expeditionary fleet under Belisarius sails from Constantinople to attack the Vandals in Africa, via Greece and Sicily (approximate date).
  • 1307 – Külüg Khan is enthroned as Khagan of the Mongols and Wuzong of the Yuan.
  • 1529 – French forces are driven out of northern Italy by Spain at the Battle of Landriano during the War of the League of Cognac.
  • 1582 – Sengoku period: Oda Nobunaga, the most powerful of the Japanese daimyōs, is forced to commit suicide by his own general Akechi Mitsuhide.
  • 1621 – Execution of 27 Czech noblemen on the Old Town Square in Prague as a consequence of the Battle of White Mountain.
  • 1749 – Halifax, Nova Scotia, is founded.
  • 1791 – King Louis XVI of France and his immediate family begin the Flight to Varennes during the French Revolution.
  • 1798 – Irish Rebellion of 1798: The British Army defeats Irish rebels at the Battle of Vinegar Hill.
  • 1813 – Peninsular War: Wellington defeats Joseph Bonaparte at the Battle of Vitoria.
  • 1824 – Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea.
  • 1826 – Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas.
  • 1848 – In the Wallachian Revolution, Ion Heliade Rădulescu and Christian Tell issue the Proclamation of Islaz and create a new republican government.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road begins.
  • 1898 – The United States captures Guam from Spain.
  • 1900 – Boxer Rebellion. China formally declares war on the United States, Britain, Germany, France and Japan, as an edict issued from the Empress Dowager Cixi.
  • 1919 – The Royal Canadian Mounted Police fire a volley into a crowd of unemployed war veterans, killing two, during the Winnipeg general strike.
  • 1919 – Admiral Ludwig von Reuter scuttles the German fleet at Scapa Flow, Orkney. The nine sailors killed are the last casualties of World War I.
  • 1929 – An agreement brokered by US Ambassador Dwight Whitney Morrow ends the Cristero War in Mexico.
  • 1930 – One-year conscription comes into force in France.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italy begins an unsuccessful invasion of France.
  • 1942 – World War II: Tobruk falls to Italian and German forces.
  • 1942 – World War II: A Japanese submarine surfaces near the Columbia River in Oregon, firing 17 shells at Fort Stevens in one of only a handful of attacks by Japan against the United States mainland.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Battle of Okinawa ends when the organised resistance of Imperial Japanese Army forces collapses in the Mabuni area on the southern tip of the main island.
  • 2009 – Greenland assumes self-rule.

People (Births)

  • 1712 – Luc Urbain de Bouëxic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (d. 1790).
  • 1736 – Enoch Poor, American general (d. 1780).
  • 1882 – Adrianus de Jong, Dutch fencer and soldier (d. 1966).
  • 1884 – Claude Auchinleck, English field marshal (d. 1981).
  • 1896 – Charles Momsen, American admiral, invented the Momsen lung (d. 1967).
  • 1912 – Kazimierz Leski, Polish pilot and engineer (d. 2000).
  • 1915 – Wilhelm Gliese, German soldier and astronomer (d. 1993).
  • 1942 – Togo D. West, Jr., American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
  • 1954 – Mark Kimmitt, American general and politician, 16th Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs.
  • 1958 – Gennady Padalka, Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut.
  • 1965 – Yang Liwei, Chinese general, pilot, and astronaut.

People (Deaths)

  • 1421 – Jean Le Maingre, French general (b. 1366).
  • 1558 – Piero Strozzi, Italian general (b. 1510).
  • 1582 – Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1534).
  • 1621 – Kryštof Harant, Czech soldier and composer (b. 1564).
  • 1631 – John Smith, English admiral and explorer (b. 1580).
  • 1796 – Richard Gridley, American soldier and engineer (b. 1710).
  • 1876 – Antonio López de Santa Anna, Mexican general and politician 8th President of Mexico (b. 1794).
  • 1880 – Theophilus H. Holmes, American general (b. 1804).
  • 1940 – Smedley Butler, American general, Medal of Honour recipient (b. 1881).
  • 1952 – Wop May, Canadian captain and pilot (b. 1896).
  • 1957 – Claude Farrère, French captain and author (b. 1876).
  • 1985 – Tage Erlander, Swedish lieutenant and politician, 25th Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1901).
  • 1992 – Li Xiannian, Chinese captain and politician, 3rd President of the People’s Republic of China (b. 1909).
  • 2003 – Leon Uris, American soldier and author (b. 1924).
  • 2006 – Jared C. Monti, American sergeant, Medal of Honour recipient (b. 1975).
  • 2014 – Yozo Ishikawa, Japanese politician, Japanese Minister of Defense (b. 1925).
  • 2015 – Alexander Schalck-Golodkowski, German soldier and politician (b. 1932).
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