- 1381 – In England, the Peasants’ Revolt, led by Wat Tyler, comes to a head, as rebels set fire to the Savoy Palace.
- 1514 – Henry Grace à Dieu, at over 1,000 tons the largest warship in the world at this time, built at the new Woolwich Dockyard in England, is dedicated.
- 1740 – Georgia provincial governor James Oglethorpe begins an unsuccessful attempt to take Spanish Florida during the Siege of St. Augustine.
- 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette lands near Charleston, South Carolina, in order to help the Continental Congress to train its army.
- 1881 – The USS Jeannette is crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack.
- 1917 – World War I: The deadliest German air raid on London of the war is carried out by Gotha G.IV bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.
- 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Villers-Bocage: German tank ace Michael Wittmann ambushes elements of the British 7th Armoured Division, destroying up to fourteen tanks, fifteen personnel carriers and two anti-tank guns in a Tiger I tank.
- 1944 – World War II: German combat elements, reinforced by the 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division, launch a counterattack on American forces near Carentan.
- 1944 – World War II: Germany launches the first V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only four of the eleven bombs strike their targets.
- 1952 – Catalina affair: A Swedish Douglas DC-3 is shot down by a Soviet MiG-15 fighter.
- 1971 – Vietnam War: The New York Times begins publication of the Pentagon Papers.
- 1981 – At the Trooping the Colour ceremony in London, a teenager, Marcus Sarjeant, fires six blank shots at Queen Elizabeth II.
- 1982 – Battles of Tumbledown and Wireless Ridge, during the Falklands War.
- 2002 – The United States withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
- AD 40 – Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general (d. 93).
- 1786 – Winfield Scott, American general (d. 1866).
- 1790 – José Antonio Páez, Venezuelan general and politician, President of Venezuela (d. 1873).
- 1879 – Charalambos Tseroulis, Greek general and politician, Greek Minister for Military Affairs (d. 1929).
- 1901 – Tage Erlander, Swedish lieutenant and politician, 25th Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1985).
- 1918 – Helmut Lent, German soldier and pilot (d. 1944).
- 1930 – Ryszard Kukliński, Polish colonel and spy (d. 2004).
- 1933 – Tom King, Baron King of Bridgwater, English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for Defence.
- 220 – Xiahou Dun, Chinese general.
- 1645 – Miyamoto Musashi, Japanese samurai (b. 1584).
- 1665 – Egbert Bartholomeusz Kortenaer, Dutch admiral (b. 1604).
- 1993 – Deke Slayton, American soldier, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1924).