On This Day … 02 June


  • 455 – Sack of Rome: Vandals enter Rome, and plunder the city for two weeks.
  • 1098 – First Crusade: The first Siege of Antioch ends as Crusader forces take the city; the second siege began five days later.
  • 1676 – Franco-Dutch War: France ensured the supremacy of its naval fleet for the remainder of the war with its victory in the Battle of Palermo.
  • 1763 – Pontiac’s Rebellion: At what is now Mackinaw City, Michigan, Chippewas capture Fort Michilimackinac by diverting the garrison’s attention with a game of lacrosse, then chasing a ball into the fort.
  • 1774 – Intolerable Acts: The Quartering Act is enacted, allowing a governor in colonial America to house British soldiers in uninhabited houses, outhouses, barns, or other buildings if suitable quarters are not provided.
  • 1793 – French Revolution: François Hanriot, leader of the Parisian National Guard, arrests 22 Girondists selected by Jean-Paul Marat, setting the stage for the Reign of Terror.
  • 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: A Franco-Spanish fleet recaptures Diamond Rock, an uninhabited island at the entrance to the bay leading to Fort-de-France, from the British.
  • 1866 – The Fenians defeat Canadian forces at Ridgeway and Fort Erie, but the raids end soon after.
  • 1896 – Guglielmo Marconi applies for a patent for his wireless telegraph.
  • 1924 – US President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.
  • 1941 – World War II: German paratroopers murder Greek civilians in the villages of Kondomari and Alikianos.
  • 1946 – Birth of the Italian Republic: In a referendum, Italians vote to turn Italy from a monarchy into a Republic. After the referendum, King Umberto II of Italy is exiled.
  • 1953 – The coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, who is crowned Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Her Other Realms and Territories & Head of the Commonwealth, the first major international event to be televised.
  • 1964 – The Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) is formed.
  • 2012 – Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak is sentenced to life imprisonment for his role in the killing of demonstrators during the 2011 Egyptian revolution.
  • Decoration Day (Canada).

People (Births)

  • 1621 – Rutger von Ascheberg, Courland-born soldier in Swedish service (d. 1693).
  • 1739 – Jabez Bowen, American colonel and politician, 45th Deputy Governor of Rhode Island (d. 1815).
  • 1891 – Takijirō Ōnishi, Japanese admiral and pilot (d. 1945).
  • 1930 – Pete Conrad, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1999).

People (Deaths)

  • 891 – Al-Muwaffaq, Abbasid general (b. 842).
  • 1292 – Rhys ap Maredudd, Welsh nobleman and rebel leader.
  • 1581 – James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, Scottish soldier and politician, Lord Chancellor of Scotland (b. 1525).
  • 1693 – John Wildman, English soldier and politician, Postmaster General of the United Kingdom (b. 1621).
  • 1853 – Henry Trevor, 21st Baron Dacre, English general (b. 1777).
  • 1882 – Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian general and politician (b. 1807).
  • 1929 – Enrique Gorostieta, Mexican general (b. 1889).
  • 1948 – Karl Brandt, German SS officer (b. 1904).
  • 1948 – Wolfram Sievers, German SS officer (b. 1905).
  • 1970 – Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian soldier, journalist, and academic (b. 1888).
  • 1976 – Kenneth Mason, English soldier and geographer (b. 1887).
  • 1976 – Juan José Torres, Bolivian general and politician, 61st President of Bolivia (b. 1920).
  • 2012 – Avraham Botzer, Polish-Israeli commander (b. 1929).
  • 2012 – Richard Dawson, English-American soldier, actor, television personality, and game show host (b. 1932).
  • 2012 – Jan Gmelich Meijling, Dutch commander and politician (b. 1943).

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