On This Day … 01 June


  • 1215 – Zhongdu (now Beijing), then under the control of the Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Zhongdu.
  • 1252 – Alfonso X is proclaimed king of Castile and León.
  • 1298 – Residents of Riga and Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeated the Livonian Order in the Battle of Turaida.
  • 1533 – Anne Boleyn is crowned Queen of England.
  • 1535 – Combined forces loyal to Charles V attack and expel the Ottomans from Tunis during the Conquest of Tunis.
  • 1648 – The Roundheads defeat the Cavaliers at the Battle of Maidstone in the Second English Civil War.
  • 1649 – Start of the Sumuroy Revolt: Filipinos in Northern Samar led by Agustin Sumuroy revolt against Spanish colonial authorities.
  • 1670 – In Dover, England, Charles II of England and Louis XIV of France sign the Secret Treaty of Dover, which will force England into the Third Anglo-Dutch War.
  • 1676 – Battle of Öland: allied Danish-Dutch forces defeat the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea, during the Scanian War (1675–79).
  • 1679 – The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog.
  • 1779 – Benedict Arnold, a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, is court-martialed for malfeasance.
  • 1794 – The battle of the Glorious First of June is fought, the first naval engagement between Britain and France during the French Revolutionary Wars.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: US President James Madison asks the Congress to declare war on the United Kingdom.
  • 1813 – Capture of USS Chesapeake.
  • 1815 – Napoleon promulgates a revised Constitution after it passes a plebiscite.
  • 1831 – James Clark Ross, a Royal Navy officer, becomes the first European at the North Magnetic Pole.
  • 1855 – The American adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The Battle of Fairfax Court House is fought.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Peninsula Campaign: The Battle of Seven Pines (or the Battle of Fair Oaks) ends inconclusively, with both sides claiming victory.
  • 1868 – The Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed, allowing the Navajo to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
  • 1879 – Napoléon Eugène, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed in the Anglo-Zulu War.
  • 1913 – The Greek–Serbian Treaty of Alliance is signed, paving the way for the Second Balkan War.
  • 1918 – World War I: Western Front: Battle of Belleau Wood: Allied Forces under John J. Pershing and James Harbord engage Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
  • 1922 – The Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded.
  • 1929 – The 1st Conference of the Communist Parties of Latin America is held in Buenos Aires.
  • 1939 – First flight of the German Focke-Wulf Fw 190 fighter aircraft.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Battle of Crete ends as Crete capitulates to Germany.
  • 1941 – The Farhud, a massive pogrom in Iraq, starts and as a result, many Iraqi Jews are forced to leave their homes.
  • 1943 – BOAC Flight 777 is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, killing British actor Leslie Howard and leading to speculation that it was actually an attempt to kill British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
  • 1946 – Ion Antonescu, “Conducator” (“Leader”) of Romania during World War II, is executed.
  • 1958 – Charles de Gaulle comes out of retirement to lead France by decree for six months.
  • 1962 – Adolf Eichmann is hanged in Israel.
  • 1988 – The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty comes into effect.
  • 1990 – Cold War: George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty to end chemical weapon production.
  • Earliest day on which Canadian Forces Day can fall, while June 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Sunday in June.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Samoa from New Zealand in 1962.
  • Victory Day (Tunisia).

People (Births)

  • 1825 – John Hunt Morgan, American general (d. 1864).
  • 1831 – John Bell Hood, American general (d. 1879).
  • 1844 – John J. Toffey, American lieutenant, Medal of Honour recipient (d. 1911).
  • 1907 – Frank Whittle, English airman and engineer, developed the jet engine (d. 1996).
  • 1926 – Richard Schweiker, American soldier and politician, 14th United States Secretary of Health and Human Services (d. 2015).
  • 1933 – Charles Wilson, American lieutenant and politician (d. 2010).

People (Deaths)

  • 829 – Li Tongjie, general of the Tang Dynasty.
  • 1186 – Minamoto no Yukiie, Japanese warlord.
  • 1616 – Tokugawa Ieyasu, Japanese shogun (b. 1543).
  • 1710 – David Mitchell, Scottish admiral and politician (b. 1642).
  • 1815 – Louis-Alexandre Berthier, French general and politician, French Minister of War (b. 1753).
  • 1823 – Louis-Nicolas Davout, French general and politician, French Minister of War (b. 1770).
  • 1861 – John Quincy Marr, American captain (b. 1825).
  • 1864 – Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel, led the Taiping Rebellion (b. 1812).
  • 1934 – Sir Alfred Rawlinson, 3rd Baronet, English colonel and polo player (b. 1867).
  • 1946 – Ion Antonescu, Romanian marshal and politician, 43rd Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1882).
  • 1960 – Paula Hitler, German-Austrian sister of Adolf Hitler (b. 1896).
  • 1962 – Adolf Eichmann, a German Nazi SS-Obersturmbannführer (b. 1906).
  • 2012 – Pádraig Faulkner, Irish educator and politician, 19th Irish Minister of Defence (b. 1918).

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.