On This Day … 29 May

Events

  • 363 – The Roman emperor Julian defeats the Sasanian army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Sasanian capital, but is unable to take the city.
  • 1108 – Battle of Uclés: Almoravid troops under the command of Tamim ibn Yusuf defeat a Castile and León alliance under the command of Prince Sancho Alfónsez.
  • 1167 – Battle of Monte Porzio: A Roman army supporting Pope Alexander III is defeated by Christian of Buch and Rainald of Dassel.
  • 1176 – Battle of Legnano: The Lombard League defeats Emperor Frederick I.
  • 1416 – Battle of Gallipoli: The Venetians under Pietro Loredan defeat a much larger Ottoman fleet off Gallipoli.
  • 1453 – Fall of Constantinople: Ottoman armies under Sultan Mehmed II Fatih capture Constantinople after a 53-day siege, ending the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1658 – Battle of Samugarh: decisive battle in the struggle for the throne during the Mughal war of succession (1658–1659).
  • 1660 – English Restoration: Charles II is restored to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland.
  • 1733 – The right of settlers in New France to enslave natives is upheld at Quebec City.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: At the Battle of Waxhaws, the British continue attacking after the Continentals lay down their arms, killing 113 and critically wounding all but 53 that remained.
  • 1790 – Rhode Island becomes the last of North America’s original Thirteen Colonies to ratify the Constitution and become one of the United States.
  • 1798 – United Irishmen Rebellion: Between 300 and 500 United Irishmen are executed as rebels by the British Army in County Kildare, Ireland.
  • 1867 – The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 (“the Compromise”) is born through Act 12, which establishes the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
  • 1900 – N’Djamena is founded as Fort-Lamy by the French commander Émile Gentil.
  • 1903 – In the May Coup, Alexander I, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organisation.
  • 1918 – Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarabad.
  • 1931 – Michele Schirru, a citizen of the United States, is executed by Italian military firing squad for intent to kill Benito Mussolini.
  • 1932 – World War I veterans begin to assemble in Washington, D.C., in the Bonus Army to request cash bonuses promised to them to be paid in 1945.
  • 1935 – First flight of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter aeroplane.
  • 1945 – First combat mission of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator heavy bomber.
  • 1948 – United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation is founded.
  • 1964 – The Arab League meets in East Jerusalem to discuss the Palestinian question, leading to the formation of the Palestine Liberation Organisation.
  • 1982 – Falklands War: British forces defeat the Argentines at the Battle of Goose Green.
  • 1988 – The US President Ronald Reagan begins his first visit to the Soviet Union when he arrives in Moscow for a superpower summit with the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
  • 1989 – Signing of an agreement between Egypt and the United States, allowing the manufacture of parts of the F-16 jet fighter plane in Egypt.
  • 1990 – The Russian parliament elects Boris Yeltsin as president of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
  • 1993 – The Miss Sarajevo beauty pageant is held in war-torn Sarajevo drawing global attention to the plight of its citizens.
  • 1999 – Olusegun Obasanjo takes office as President of Nigeria, the first elected and civilian head of state in Nigeria after 16 years of military rule.
  • 2004 – The National World War II Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • Army Day (Argentina).
  • International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers.
  • Veterans Day (Sweden).

People (Births)

  • 1555 – George Carew, 1st Earl of Totnes, English Earl, general and administrator (d. 1629).
  • 1594 – Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian field marshal (d. 1632).
  • 1722 – James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish soldier and politician (d. 1773).
  • 1907 – Hartland Molson, Canadian captain and politician (d. 2002).
  • 1917 – John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States (d. 1963).
  • 1923 – John Parker, 6th Earl of Morley, English colonel and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Devon (d. 2015).
  • 1944 – Quentin Davies, English soldier and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
  • 1988 – Muath Al-Kasasbeh, Jordanian captain and pilot (d. 2015).

People (Deaths)

  • 1405 – Philippe de Mézières, French soldier and author (b. 1327).
  • 1453 – Ulubatlı Hasan, Ottoman commander (b. 1428).
  • 1691 – Cornelis Tromp, Dutch admiral (b. 1629).
  • 1790 – Israel Putnam, American general (b. 1718).
  • 1796 – Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish general and politician (b. 1720).
  • 1814 – Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon Bonaparte (b. 1763).
  • 1847 – Emmanuel de Grouchy, Marquis de Grouchy, French general (b. 1766).
  • 1866 – Winfield Scott, American general, lawyer, and politician (b. 1786).
  • 1919 – Robert Bacon, American colonel and politician, 39th United States Secretary of State (b. 1860).
  • 1946 – Martin Gottfried Weiss, German SS officer (b. 1905).
  • 1951 – Dimitrios Levidis, Greek-French soldier and composer (b. 1885).
  • 1998 – Barry Goldwater, American general, activist, and politician (b. 1909).
  • 2005 – George Rochberg, American soldier and composer (b. 1918).
  • 2013 – Wali-ur-Rehman, Pakistani commander (b. 1970).
  • 2017 – Manuel Noriega, Panamanian general and politician, Military Leader of Panama (b. 1934).
  • 2017 – Mordechai Tzipori, Israeli Lieutenant General and minister (b. 1924).
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