On This Day … 27 May

Events

  • 1644 – Manchu regent Dorgon defeats rebel leader Li Zicheng of the Shun dynasty at the Battle of Shanhai Pass, allowing the Manchus to enter and conquer the capital city of Beijing.
  • 1798 – The Battle of Oulart Hill takes place in Wexford, Ireland; Irish rebel leaders defeat and kill a detachment of militia.
  • 1799 – War of the Second Coalition: Austrian forces defeat the French at Winterthur, Switzerland.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: In Canada, American forces capture Fort George.
  • 1860 – Giuseppe Garibaldi begins his attack on Palermo, Sicily, as part of the Italian unification.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: First Assault on the Confederate works at the Siege of Port Hudson.
  • 1905 – Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima begins.
  • 1919 – The NC-4 aircraft arrives in Lisbon after completing the first transatlantic flight.
  • 1940 – World War II: In the Le Paradis massacre, 99 soldiers from a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are shot after surrendering to German troops; two survive.
  • 1941 – World War II: US President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaims an “unlimited national emergency”.
  • 1941 – World War II: The German battleship Bismarck is sunk in the North Atlantic killing almost 2,100 men.
  • 1942 – World War II: In Operation Anthropoid, Reinhard Heydrich is fatally wounded in Prague; he dies of his injuries eight days later.
  • 1958 – First flight of the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II.
  • 1960 – In Turkey, a military coup removes President Celâl Bayar and the rest of the democratic government from office.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: American warships begin the first bombardment of National Liberation Front targets within South Vietnam.
  • 1967 – The US Navy aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy is launched by Jacqueline Kennedy and her daughter Caroline.
  • 1980 – The Gwangju Massacre: Airborne and army troops of South Korea retake the city of Gwangju from civil militias, killing at least 207 and possibly many more.
  • 1996 – First Chechen War: the Russian President Boris Yeltsin meets with Chechnyan rebels for the first time and negotiates a cease-fire.
  • 2016 – Barack Obama is the first president of United States to visit Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park and meet Hibakusha.
  • Armed Forces Day (Nicaragua).
  • Navy Day (Japan).

People (Births)

  • 1378 – Zhu Quan, Chinese military commander, historian and playwright (d. 1448).
  • 1774 – Francis Beaufort, Irish hydrographer and officer in the Royal Navy (d. 1857).
  • 1900 – Lotte Toberentz, German overseer of the Nazi Uckermark concentration camp (d. 1964).
  • 1918 – Yasuhiro Nakasone, Japanese commander and politician, 45th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 2019).
  • 1922 – Otto Carius, German lieutenant and pharmacist (d. 2015).
  • 1931 – John Chapple, English field marshal and politician, Governor of Gibraltar.
  • 1936 – Benjamin Bathurst, English admiral.
  • 1936 – Marcel Masse, Canadian educator and politician, 29th Canadian Minister of National Defence (d. 2014).
  • 1939 – Yves Duhaime, Canadian captain and politician.

People (Deaths)

  • 1444 – John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English commander (b. 1404).
  • 1661 – Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll, Scottish general and politician (b. 1607).
  • 1941 – Ernst Lindemann, German captain (b. 1894).
  • 1941 – Günther Lütjens, German admiral (b. 1889).
  • 1943 – Gordon Coates, New Zealand soldier and politician, 21st Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1878).
  • 2008 – Franz Künstler, Hungarian soldier (b. 1900).
  • 2009 – William Refshauge, Australian soldier and physician (b. 1913).
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