On This Day … 06 May


  • 1527 – Spanish and German troops sack Rome; many scholars consider this the end of the Renaissance.
  • 1536 – The Siege of Cuzco commences, in which Incan forces attempt to retake the city of Cuzco from the Spanish.
  • 1542 – Francis Xavier reaches Old Goa, the capital of Portuguese India at the time.
  • 1659 – English Restoration: A faction of the British Army removes Richard Cromwell as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth and reinstalls the Rump Parliament.
  • 1757 – Battle of Prague: A Prussian army fights an Austrian army in Prague during the Seven Years’ War.
  • 1757 – The end of Konbaung–Hanthawaddy War, and the end of Burmese Civil War (1740–1757).
  • 1801 – Captain Thomas Cochrane in the 14-gun HMS Speedy captures the 32-gun Spanish frigate El Gamo.
  • 1857 – The British East India Company disbands the 34th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry whose sepoy Mangal Pandey had earlier revolted against the British and is considered to be the First Martyr in the War of Indian Independence.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Arkansas secedes from the Union.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chancellorsville ends with the defeat of the Army of the Potomac by the Army of Northern Virginia.
  • 1877 – Chief Crazy Horse of the Oglala Lakota surrenders to United States troops in Nebraska.
  • 1882 – The United States Congress passes the Chinese Exclusion Act.
  • 1910 – George V becomes King of the United Kingdom upon the death of his father, Edward VII.
  • 1916 – Twenty-one Lebanese nationalists are executed in Martyrs’ Square, Beirut by Djemal Pasha.
  • 1916 – Vietnamese Emperor Duy Tân is captured while attempting to call upon the people to rise up against the French, and is later deposed and exiled to Réunion island.
  • 1937 – Hindenburg disaster: The German zeppelin Hindenburg catches fire and is destroyed within a minute while attempting to dock at Lakehurst, New Jersey. Thirty-six people are killed.
  • 1941 – The first flight of the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt.
  • 1942 – World War II: On Corregidor, the last American forces in the Philippines surrender to the Japanese.
  • 1945 – World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Prague Offensive, the last major battle of the Eastern Front, begins.
  • 1949 – EDSAC, the first practical electronic digital stored-program computer, runs its first operation.
  • 1954 – Roger Bannister becomes the first person to run the mile in under four minutes.
  • 1975 – During a lull in fighting, 100,000 Armenians gather in Beirut to commemorate 60th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide.
  • 1983 – The Hitler Diaries are revealed as a hoax after being examined by experts.
  • Military Spouse Day (US).

People (Births)

  • 1758 – André Masséna, French general (d. 1817).
  • 1800 – Roman Sanguszko, Polish general (d. 1881).
  • 1856 – Robert Peary, American admiral and explorer (d. 1920).
  • 1872 – Djemal Pasha, Ottoman general (d. 1922).
  • 1895 – Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian soldier and politician, Hungarian Minister of Agriculture (d. 1946).
  • 1932 – Alexander Thynn, 7th Marquess of Bath, English lieutenant and politician (d. 2020).
  • 1951 – Samuel Doe, Liberian sergeant and politician, 21st President of Liberia (d. 1990).
  • 1955 – John Hutton, Baron Hutton of Furness, English academic and politician, Secretary of State for Defence.

People (Deaths)

  • 932 – Qian Liu, Chinese warlord and king (b. 852).
  • 1471 – Edmund Beaufort, English commander (b. 1438).
  • 1757 – Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (b. 1684).
  • 1840 – Francisco de Paula Santander, Colombian general and politician, 4th President of the Republic of the New Granada (b. 1792).
  • 1970 – Alexander Rodzyanko, Russian general (b. 1879).
  • 2012 – James R. Browning, American lieutenant, lawyer, and judge (b. 1918).
  • 2015 – Jim Wright, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 56th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1922).

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.