What is the Effect of Talking & Crisis Response Plans on Optimism of Acutely Suicidal Soldiers?

Research Paper Title

Short-term effects of crisis response planning on optimism in a U.S. Army sample.

Background

This study examined the short-term effects of a brief crisis intervention on optimism of acutely suicidal soldiers.

Methods

US Soldiers (N = 97) presenting for an emergency mental health appointment in a military emergency department or behavioural health clinic were randomly assigned to treatment as usual standard crisis response plan, or enhanced crisis response plan (E-CRP). This study is used a sub-sample of the original clinical trial (n = 64) for those who completed self-report measures of optimism (Life Orientation Test-Revised) prior to receiving any intervention and a secondary self-report assessment one-month following the intervention.

Results

Results indicate that individuals with low baseline optimism who received the E-CRP had significant increases in optimism 1 month post-intervention.

Conclusions

This provides evidence that discussing a patient’s reasons for living during a CRP increases optimism in those high-risk patients with the lowest baseline optimism.

Reference

Rozek, D.C., Keane, C., Sippel, L.M., Stein, J.Y., Rollo-Carlson, C. & Bryan, C.J. (2018) Short-term effects of crisis response planning on optimism in a U.S. Army sample.Early Intervention in Psychiatry. doi: 10.1111/eip.12699. [Epub ahead of print].

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