The Health Literacy of Military College Students in Chongqing, China

Research Paper Title

Survey of health literacy level and related influencing factors in military college students in Chongqing, China: A cross-sectional analysis.

Background

Health literacy (HL) has become an important public health issue and is receiving growing attention. However, the HL levels of military college students in China have never been analysed. This study aimed to investigate the HL and related associate factors in military college students in Chongqing, China.

Methods

Data was obtained with the “Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire (2012 edition)” from 3183 military college students aged 16–28 years at Chongqing in December 2015. A total score of ≥80 points determined adequate HL, and HL level was defined as the proportion of students who had adequate HL out of the total number of participants. Multiple logistic regression analysis with a stepwise forward likelihood ratio (LR) method was used to determine the effects of sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviours, and family-related factors on HL level.

Results

The mean score of HL was 68.56, and the HL level of military college students was 21.05%; the overall knowledge rate was 71.33%. The independent factors that were associated with HL level were years in college, educational system, time playing online games, annual household income and father’s education level.

Senior (odds ratio [OR] = 1.229, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.018∼1.484), undergraduate (OR = 1.509, 95% CI 1.151∼1.978), time played games more than 5 hours each week (OR = 0.638, 95% CI 0.486∼0.837), annual household incomes more than 50,000 yuan (OR = 1.231, 95% CI 1.027∼1.476) and father’s education level (high school: OR = 2.327, 95% CI 1.186∼4.565; university: OR = 2.450, 95% CI 1.244∼4.825), were independently associated with higher HL level.

Conclusions

HL levels of military college students in Chongqing need to be improved across the board. The data suggests that special emphasis should be placed on students in junior and those in the specialist educational system. School departments may also benefit from incorporating health literacy into their curricula and helping students manage the time they spend playing online games.

Reference

Rong, H., Cheng, X., Garcia, J.M., Zhang, L., Lu, L., Fang, J., Le, M., Hu, P., Dong, X., Yang, J., Wang, Y., Luo, T., Liu, J. & Chen, J. (2017) Survey of health literacy level and related influencing factors in military college students in Chongqing, China: A cross-sectional analysis. PLoS One. 12(5): e0177776. Published online 2017 May 17. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177776.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.