Factors of Trainability and Predictability Associated with Military Physical Fitness Test Success.
The purpose of this study was to determine the trainability of college-aged men using varied training programmes and to assess factors associated with successfully passing a Special Operations Forces (SOF) physical fitness test (PFT).
One hundred thirty-five male subjects were stratified into 3 training groups (run focused, calisthenic focused, or combined run and calisthenic) and were trained 3 times·per week for 12 weeks. Body composition and accelerometer activity patterns were measured pre-training and post-training. The PFT performance (pull-ups, sit-ups, push-ups, and 1.5-mile run time) was measured weekly throughout the study period.
The subjects exhibited reduced body fat (18.4 ± 7.7 to 16.9 ± 7.3), increased fat-free mass (66.1 ± 8.2 to 67.4 ± 7.9), reduced fat mass (15.8 ± 9.2 to 14.6 ± 8.9) from pre-training to post-training, respectively (p < 0.05). All groups improved in each component of PFT performance with training (p < 0.05). There was a significant 20 ± 35% increase in 6-day average daily activity for the run-focused training group from pre-training and post-training.
The key indicators of a candidate’s potential to successfully reach SOF PFT standards (in 12 weeks) were determined to be as follows:
- Enter the pipeline being able to run 2.4 km in ≤10:41 minutes;
- Have a body fat percentage of ≤12.9%; and
- Participate in a minimum of 30 min of vigorous physical activity.
Training an individual’s relative run or calisthenic deficiency did not prove to be a better training approach compared with a programme that emphasises training both running and calisthenic activities.
Source: Cuddy, J.S., Slivka, D.R., Hailes, W.S. & Ruby, B.C. (2011) Factors of Trainability and Predictability Associated with Military Physical Fitness Test Success. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(12), pp.3486-3494.
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