A Century in Figures: 1913 vs 2013

Average annual hours worked in the UK per person:

  • 1913: 2,624
  • 1929: 2,286
  • 1938: 2,267
  • 1950: 1,958
  • 1960: 1,913
  • 1973: 1,688
  • 1990: 1,637
  • 1998: 1,489
  • 2011: 1,307

Average commute to work (minutes):

  • 1910: 13.1
  • 1920: 29
  • 1930: 13.6
  • 1940: 33.5
  • 1950: 33.9
  • 1960: 33.5
  • 1970: 31.5
  • 1980: 33.1
  • 1990: 34.5
  • 2009: 26.8

Proportion of female population who are in employment:

  • 1914 (25%); and
  • 2013 (70%)

Number of graduates entering the workforce:

  • 1913 (9,000); and
  • 2012 (408,500)

Chance of being killed at work in an average year:

  • 1913 (1 in 3,826); and
  • 2013 (1 in 168,323)

Average length of retirement in years:

  • 1913: 1.5
  • 1980: 13.6
  • 2013: 18.1

Top five occupations:

  • 1913: domestic service, agriculture, coal mining, construction and cotton manufacturing
  • 2013: retail, healthcare, education, IT/support services and professional services

Source: CIPD (Chartered Institute for Personnel & Development) (2013) The People’s Century. People Management. May 2013, pp.28-29.

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