What was the St. Brice’s Day Massacre (1002)?

Introduction The St. Brice’s Day massacre was the killing of Danes on the 13th of November 1002, ordered by King Æthelred the Unready of England in response to frequent Danish raids. The skeletons of over 30 young men found during an excavation at St John’s College, Oxford, in 2008, may be those of some of… Read More


What was the Battle of Clontarf (1014)?

Introduction The Battle of Clontarf (Irish: Cath Chluain Tarbh) took place on 23 April 1014 at Clontarf, near Dublin, on the east coast of Ireland. It pitted an army led by Brian Boru, High King of Ireland, against a Norse-Irish alliance comprising the forces of Sigtrygg Silkbeard, King of Dublin; Máel Mórda mac Murchada, King… Read More