What was the Upper Canada Rebellion (1837)?

Introduction The Upper Canada Rebellion was an insurrection against the oligarchic government of the British colony of Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) in December 1837. While public grievances had existed for years, it was the rebellion in Lower Canada (present-day Quebec), which started the previous month, that emboldened rebels in Upper Canada to revolt. The Upper… Read More


What was the Patriot War (1837-1838)?

Introduction The Patriot War was a conflict along the Canada-United States border where bands of raiders attacked the British colony of Upper Canada more than a dozen times between December 1837 and December 1838. This so-called war was not a conflict between nations; it was a war of ideas fought by like-minded people against British… Read More

What was the Battle of Montgomery’s Tavern (1837)?

Introduction The Battle of Montgomery’s Tavern was an incident in the Upper Canada Rebellion. The abortive revolutionary insurrection inspired by William Lyon Mackenzie was crushed by British authorities and Canadian volunteer units near a tavern on Yonge Street, Toronto. The site of Montgomery’s Tavern was designated a National Historic Site in 1925. Background In 1835,… Read More