What were the Forty-Five Guards?

Introduction The Forty-five guards were recruited by the Jean Louis de Nogaret de La Valette, Duke of Épernon to provide Henry III of France with trusted protection in the midst of the War of the Three Henrys (1587-1589). Background The Forty-five were noblemen of lesser nobility (many from Gascony) with little more than a horse,… Read More


What was the War of the Three Henrys (1587-1589)?

Introduction The War of the Three Henrys (1587 to 1589) was the eighth conflict in the series of civil wars in France known as the Wars of Religion. It was a three-way war fought between: King Henry III of France, supported by the royalists and the politiques; King Henry of Navarre, heir presumptive to the… Read More