The Bangladesh Navy has witnessed phenomenal growth over the last three decades, and is evolving into a truly three-dimensional navy capable of maintaining an effective posture across the full spectrum of any conflict at sea.
When Bangladesh gained independence from Pakistan on 26 March 1971, the navy consisted of only two armed river patrol boats. Today, its inventory stands at more than 100 ships and craft and approximately 22,000 personnel.
Bangladesh has a 710 kilometre coastline along the Bay of Bengal with the principal ports of Chittagong and Mongla and, having settled its maritime boundaries with Myanmar in 2012, and India in 2014 via international arbitration, a sovereign claim over an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of 118,813 km2.
Bangladesh also has one of the largest inland water transport networks in the world, covering a total length of approximately 24,000 km with river ports at Dhaka, Narayanganj, Chandpur, Bhairab, Chittagong, and Khulna and 21 minor inland river ports.
Brief Outline of the Navy and it Training Establishments
The Navy establishments and assets are spread over three regions:
- The Dhaka Naval Area;
- The Chittagong Naval Area; and
- The Khulna Naval Area.
The Navy Headquarters are located in the country’s capital, Dhaka, and includes the naval establishments:
- BNS Haji Mohsin;
- BNS Sheikh Mujib; and
- The Naval Unit Pagla.
The main naval bases are located in:
- Chittagong, 250 km Southeast of Dhaka;
- Khulna, 270 km Southwest of Dhaka; and
- Kaptai, 60 km East of Chittagong.
A new base, BNS Sher-e-Bangla, is under construction in Patuakhali in the Southwestern sector of Bangladesh. It will become the Navy’s largest naval base with ship berthing and aviation facilities.
A separate submarine base, BNS Sheikh Hasina, is also under construction near Kutubdia Island.
The Navy’s training establishments are:
- The Bangladesh Naval Academy (Chittagong):
- One of the premiere training institutes of Bangladesh, BNA develops commissioned officers to lead the future Bangladesh Navy.
- BNS Issa Khan (Chittagong):
- The largest training establishment of Bangladesh Navy.
- It mainly conducts the basic training of Seaman officers and sailors.
- Training is delivered by a number of schools including: Gunnery, TAS, Communication, Navigation, Diving, NBCD, and Hydrography.
- BNS Titumir (Khulna):
- The home of logistics training, BNS Titumuir mainly conducts professional training for the supply branch officers and sailors at different levels of their career.
- The New Entry Training School (NETS).
- The School of Logistics and Management (SOLAM).
- BNS Shaheed Moazzam (Kaptai):
- The premier technical training establishment of Bangladesh Navy.
- It has three Schools:
- The Engineering School;
- The Electrical School; and
- The Seamanship School.