On This Day … 04 December

  • 1971: Navy Day in India is celebrated on 4 December every year to recognise the achievements and role of the Indian Navy to the country.
  • 771: Austrasian king Carloman I dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne king of the now complete Frankish Kingdom.
  • 1110: The Kingdom of Jerusalem captures Sidon.
  • 1259: Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.
  • 1563: The final session of the Council of Trent is held; It had opened on 13 December 1545.
  • 1676: The Danish army under the command of King Christian V engages the Swedish army commanded by the Swedish king Charles XI at the Battle of Lund, to this day it is counted as the bloodiest battle in Scandinavian history and a turning point in the Scanian War.
  • 1745: Charles Edward Stuart’s army reaches Derby, its furthest point during the Second Jacobite Rising.
  • 1783: At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, US General George Washington bids farewell to his officers.
  • 1864: American Civil War: Sherman’s March to the Sea: At Waynesboro, Georgia, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick prevent troops led by Confederate General Joseph Wheeler from interfering with Union General William T. Sherman’s campaign destroying a wide swath of the South on his march to the Atlantic Ocean from Atlanta.
  • 1893: First Matabele War: A patrol of 34 British South Africa Company soldiers is ambushed and annihilated by more than 3,000 Matabele warriors on the Shangani River in Matabeleland.
  • 1918: US President Woodrow Wilson sails for the World War I peace talks in Versailles, becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office.
  • 1939: World War II: HMS Nelson is struck by a mine (laid by U-31) off the Scottish coast and is laid up for repairs until August 1940.
  • 1942: World War II: Carlson’s patrol during the Guadalcanal Campaign ends.
  • 1943: World War II: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Josip Broz Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.
  • 1943: World War II: US President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes down the Works Progress Administration, because of the high levels of wartime employment in the United States.
  • 1945: By a vote of 65–7, the United States Senate approves United States participation in the United Nations – The UN had been established on 24 October 1945.
  • 1967: Vietnam War: US and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong troops in the Mekong Delta.
  • 1971: The Indian Navy attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi.
  • 1971: The PNS Ghazi, a submarine belonging to the Pakistan Navy, sinks during the course of the Indo-Pakistani Naval War of 1971.
  • 1983: US Navy aircraft from USS John F. Kennedy and USS Independence attack Syrian Missile sites in Lebanon in response to an F-14 being fired on by an SA-7. One A-6 Intruder and A-7 Corsair are shot down. 1 American pilot was killed, one was rescued and one is captured.
  • 1984: Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Army soldiers kill 107–150 civilians in Mannar.
  • 1992 – Somali Civil War: President George H.W. Bush orders 28,000 US troops to Somalia in Northeast Africa.

People (Births)

  • 1647: Daniel Eberlin, German soldier and composer (d. 1715).
  • 1881: Erwin von Witzleben, Polish-German field marshal (d. 1944).
  • 1892: Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator, Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1975).
  • 1892: Liu Bocheng, Chinese commander and politician (d. 1986).
  • 1912: Pappy Boyington, American colonel and pilot, Medal of Honour recipient (d. 1988).
  • 1932: Roh Tae-woo, South Korean general and politician, 6th President of South Korea.
  • 1949: Jock Stirrup, Baron Stirrup, British air marshal and politician.

People (Deaths)

  • 530 BC: Cyrus the Great, king of Persia (b. 600 BC).
  • 771: Carloman I, Frankish king (b. 751).
  • 1214: William the Lion, Scottish king (b. 1143).
  • 1845: Gregor MacGregor, Scottish soldier and explorer (b. 1786).
  • 2005: Errol Brathwaite, New Zealand soldier and author (b. 1924).
  • 2006: Ross A. McGinnis, American soldier, Medal of Honour recipient (b. 1987).
  • 2012: Anthony Deane-Drummond, British general (b. 1917).
  • 2016: Patricia Robins, British writer and WAAF officer (b. 1921).
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