“The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots.”
Thomas Jefferson (1743 to 1826)
A draftsman of the U.S. Declaration of Independence; he was the nation’s first secretary of state (1789-94); second vice president (1797-1801); and, as the third president (1801-09), the statesman responsible for the Louisiana Purchase.
In 1803, Jefferson acquired land stretching from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains from cash-strapped Napoleonic France for the bargain price of $15 million, thereby doubling the size of the nation in a single stroke.