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On This Day ... 18 June

Events

  • 860 – Byzantine–Rus' War: A fleet of about 200 Rus' vessels sails into the Bosphorus and starts pillaging the suburbs of the Byzantine capital Constantinople.
  • 1053 – Battle of Civitate: Three thousand horsemen of Norman Count Humphrey rout the troops of Pope Leo IX.
  • 1265 – A draft Byzantine–Venetian treaty is concluded between Venetian envoys and Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos, but is not ratified by Doge Reniero Zeno.
  • 1429 – French forces under the leadership of Joan of Arc defeat the main English army under Sir John Fastolf at the Battle of Patay.
  • 1757 – Battle of Kolín between Prussian forces under Frederick the Great and an Austrian army under the command of Field Marshal Count Leopold Joseph von Daun in the Seven Years' War.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: British troops abandon Philadelphia.
  • 1799 – Action of 18 June 1799: A frigate squadron under Rear-admiral Perrée is captured by the British fleet under Lord Keith.
  • 1812 – The United States declaration of war upon the United Kingdom is signed by President James Madison, beginning the War of 1812.
  • 1815 – Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Waterloo results in the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte by the Duke of Wellington and Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher forcing him to abdicate the throne of France for the second and last time.
  • 1822 – Konstantinos Kanaris blows up the Ottoman navy's flagship at Chios, killing the Kapudan Pasha Nasuhzade Ali Pasha.
  • 1858 – Charles Darwin receives a paper from Alfred Russel Wallace that includes nearly identical conclusions about evolution as Darwin's own, prompting Darwin to publish his theory.
  • 1887 – The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed.
  • 1900 – Empress Dowager Cixi of China orders all foreigners killed, including foreign diplomats and their families.
  • 1940 – World War II: Appeal of 18 June by Charles de Gaulle.
  • 1940 – World War II: The "Finest Hour" speech is delivered by Winston Churchill.
  • 1945 – William Joyce ("Lord Haw-Haw") is charged with treason for his pro-German propaganda broadcasting during World War II.
  • 1953 – The Egyptian revolution of 1952 ends with the overthrow of the Muhammad Ali dynasty and the declaration of the Republic of Egypt.
  • 1953 – A United States Air Force C-124 crashes and burns near Tachikawa, Japan, killing 129.
  • 1954 – Carlos Castillo Armas leads an invasion force across the Guatemalan border, setting in motion the 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The United States uses B-52 bombers to attack guerrilla fighters in South Vietnam.
  • 1979 – SALT II is signed by the United States and the Soviet Union.
  • 1981 – The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk, the first operational aircraft initially designed around stealth technology, makes its first flight.
  • 1994 – The Troubles: Members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) attack a crowded pub with assault rifles in Loughinisland, Northern Ireland.
    • Six Catholic civilians are killed and five wounded.
    • It was crowded with people watching the 1994 FIFA World Cup.
  • Waterloo Day (United Kingdom).

People (Births)

  • 1667 – Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal (d. 1750).
  • 1815 – Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (d. 1881).
  • 1833 – Manuel González Flores, Mexican general and President (1880-1884) (d. 1893).
  • 1868 – Miklós Horthy, Hungarian admiral and politician, Regent of Hungary (d. 1957).
  • 1881 – Zoltán Halmay, Hungarian swimmer (d. 1956).
  • 1886 – George Mallory, English lieutenant and mountaineer (d. 1924).
  • 1897 – Martti Marttelin, Finnish runner (d. 1940).
  • 1912 – Glenn Morris, American decathlete (d. 1974).
  • 1913 – Wilfred Gordon Bigelow, Canadian soldier and surgeon (d. 2005).
  • 1929 – Tibor Rubin, Hungarian-American soldier, Medal of Honour recipient (d. 2015).
  • 1934 – Brian Kenny, English general (d. 2017).
  • 1937 – Vitaly Zholobov, Ukrainian colonel, engineer, and astronaut.
  • 1950 – Annelie Ehrhardt, German hurdler.
  • 1964 – Uday Hussein, Iraqi commander (d. 2003).
  • 1968 – Frank Müller, German decathlete.
  • 1969 – Haki Doku, Albanian cyclist.
  • 1980 – Sergey Kirdyapkin, Russian race walker.
  • 1980 – Craig Mottram, Australian runner.
  • 1986 – Edgars Eriņš, Latvian decathlete.

People (Deaths)

  • 908 – Zhang Hao, general of Yang Wu.
  • 1629 – Piet Pieterszoon Hein, Dutch admiral (b. 1577).
  • 1794 – James Murray, Scottish-English general and politician, 20th Governor of the Province of Quebec (b. 1721).
  • 1815 – Thomas Picton, Welsh-English general and politician (b. 1758).
  • 1860 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Bismarck, German army officer and writer (b. 1783).
  • 1905 – Carmine Crocco, Italian soldier (b. 1830).
  • 1916 – Max Immelmann, German lieutenant and pilot (b. 1890).
  • 1943 – Elias Degiannis, Greek commander (b. 1912).
  • 1945 – Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr., American general (b. 1886).
  • 1947 – Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (b. 1898).
  • 1974 – Georgy Zhukov, Russian marshal and politician, Minister of Defence for the Soviet Union (b. 1896).
  • 1980 – André Leducq, French cyclist (b. 1904).
  • 1996 – Endel Puusepp, Estonian-Soviet military pilot and politician (b. 1909).
  • 2012 – Luis Edgardo Mercado Jarrín, Peruvian general and politician, 109th Prime Minister of Peru (b. 1919).
  • 2014 – Vladimir Popovkin, Russian general (b. 1957).
  • 2020 – Vera Lynn, English singer who was the "Forces' Sweetheart" in World War II (b. 1917).

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