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On This Day ... 06 December [2022]

Events

  • 1240 – Mongol invasion of Rus': Kyiv under Daniel of Galicia and Voivode Dmytro falls to the Mongols under Batu Khan.
  • 1492 – After exploring island of Cuba for gold, surmising it for Japan, Columbus lands on island similar to Castile, naming it Hispaniola.
  • 1534 – The city of Quito in Ecuador is founded by Spanish settlers led by Sebastián de Belalcázar.
  • 1648 – Colonel Thomas Pride of the New Model Army purges the Long Parliament of MPs sympathetic to King Charles I of England, in order for the King's trial to go ahead; came to be known as "Pride's Purge".
  • 1704 – Battle of Chamkaur: During the Mughal-Sikh Wars, an outnumbered Sikh Khalsa defeats a Mughal army.
  • 1745 – Charles Edward Stuart's army begins retreat during the second Jacobite Rising.
  • 1803 – Five French warships attempting to escape the Royal Naval blockade of Saint-Domingue are all seized by British warships, signifying the end of the Haitian Revolution.
  • 1884 – The Washington Monument in Washington, D.C., built to commemorate George Washington, is completed.
  • 1904 – Theodore Roosevelt articulated his "Corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the US would intervene in the Western Hemisphere should Latin American governments prove incapable or unstable.
  • 1916 – World War I: The Central Powers capture Bucharest.
  • 1917 – Finland declares independence from the Russian Empire.

    • Independence Day.

  • 1917 – Halifax Explosion: A munitions explosion near Halifax, Nova Scotia kills more than 1,900 people in the largest artificial explosion up to that time.
  • 1917 – World War I: USS Jacob Jones is the first American destroyer to be sunk by enemy action when it is torpedoed by German submarine SM U-53.
  • 1921 – The Anglo-Irish Treaty is signed in London by British and Irish representatives.
  • 1922 – One year to the day after the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the Irish Free State comes into existence.
  • 1928 – The government of Colombia sends military forces to suppress a month-long strike by United Fruit Company workers, resulting in an unknown number of deaths.
  • 1941 – World War II: Camp X opens in Canada to begin training Allied secret agents for the war.
  • 1971 – Pakistan severs diplomatic relations with India, initiating the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.
  • 1975 – The Troubles: Fleeing from the police, a Provisional IRA unit takes a British couple hostage in their flat on Balcombe Street, London, beginning a six-day siege.
  • 1977 – South Africa grants independence to Bophuthatswana, although it is not recognised by any other country.
  • 1982 – The Troubles: The Irish National Liberation Army bombs a pub frequented by British soldiers in Ballykelly, Northern Ireland, killing eleven soldiers and six civilians.
  • 1990 – A military jet of the Italian Air Force, abandoned by its pilot after an on-board fire, crashed into a high school near Bologna, Italy, killing 12 students and injuring 88 other people.
  • 1991 – Yugoslav Wars: In Croatia, forces of the Serb-dominated Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) heaviest bombardment of Dubrovnik during a siege of seven months.
  • 2005 – An Iranian Air Force C-130 military transport aircraft crashes into a ten-floor apartment building in a residential area of Tehran, killing all 94 on board and 12 more on the ground.
  • Armed Forces Day (Ukraine).

People (Births)

  • 1608 – George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1670).
  • 1833 – John S. Mosby, American colonel (d. 1916).
  • 1841 – Frédéric Bazille, French painter and soldier (d. 1870).
  • 1849 – August von Mackensen, German field marshal (d. 1945).
  • 1875 – Albert Bond Lambert, American golfer and military pilot (d. 1946).
  • 1886 – Joyce Kilmer, American soldier, author, and poet (d. 1918).
  • 1908 – Miklós Szabó, Hungarian runner (d. 2000).
  • 1913 – Eleanor Holm, American swimmer and actress (d. 2004).
  • 1916 – Yekaterina Budanova, Russian captain and pilot (d. 1943).
  • 1917 – Dean Hess, American minister and colonel (d. 2015).
  • 1918 – Tauba Biterman, Polish Holocaust survivor (d. 2019).
  • 1922 – John Brunt, English captain, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1944).
  • 1922 – Benjamin A. Gilman, American soldier and politician (d. 2016).
  • 1933 – Donald J. Kutyna, American general.
  • 1950 – Guy Drut, French hurdler and politician.
  • 1966 – Natascha Badmann, Swiss triathlete.
  • 1970 – Jeff Rouse, American swimmer.
  • 1974 – Jens Pulver, American mixed martial artist and boxer.
  • 1982 – Alberto Contador, Spanish cyclist.
  • 1985 – Aristeidis Grigoriadis, Greek swimmer.
  • 1991 – Milica Mandić, Serbian taekwondo athlete, two-time Olympic champion.

People (Deaths)

  • 762 – Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Arab rebel leader (b. 710).
  • 1889 – Jefferson Davis, American general and politician, President of the Confederate States of America (b. 1808).
  • 1974 – Nikolay Kuznetsov, Soviet naval officer (b. 1904).
  • 1997 – Willy den Ouden, Dutch swimmer (b. 1918).
  • 2003 – Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio, Guatemalan general and politician, President of Guatemala (b. 1918).
  • 2005 – Charly Gaul, Luxembourger cyclist (b. 1932).
  • 2005 – William P. Yarborough, American general (b. 1912).
  • 2015 – Liu Juying, Chinese general and politician (b. 1917).

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