- 717 – Theodosius III resigns the throne to the Byzantine Empire to enter the clergy.
- 919 – Romanos Lekapenos seizes the Boukoleon Palace in Constantinople and becomes regent of the Byzantine emperor Constantine VII.
- 1000 – Fatimid caliph al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah assassinates the eunuch chief minister Barjawan and assumes control of the government.
- 1306 – Robert the Bruce becomes King of Scots (Scotland).
- 1584 – Sir Walter Raleigh is granted a patent to colonise Virginia.
- 1802 – The Treaty of Amiens is signed as a “Definitive Treaty of Peace” between France and the United Kingdom.
- 1807 – The Slave Trade Act becomes law, abolishing the slave trade in the British Empire.
- 1821 – Traditional date of the start of the Greek War of Independence. The war had actually begun on 23 February 1821 (Julian calendar).
- 1845 – New Zealand Legislative Council pass the first Militia Act constituting the New Zealand Army.
- 1865 – American Civil War: In Virginia, Confederate forces temporarily capture Fort Stedman from the Union.
- 1894 – Coxey’s Army, the first significant American protest march, departs Massillon, Ohio for Washington, D.C.
- 1918 – The Belarusian People’s Republic is established.
- 1924 – On the anniversary of Greek Independence, Alexandros Papanastasiou proclaims the Second Hellenic Republic.
- 1941 – The Kingdom of Yugoslavia joins the Axis powers with the signing of the Tripartite Pact.
- 1948 – The first successful tornado forecast predicts that a tornado will strike Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma.
- 1957 – The European Economic Community is established with West Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg as the first members.
- 1971 – The Army of the Republic of Vietnam abandon an attempt to cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail in Laos.
- NZ Army Day.
- Medal of Honour Day (US).
- 1404 – John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English military leader (d. 1444).
- 1661 – Paul de Rapin, French soldier and historian (d. 1725).
- 1745 – John Barry, American naval officer and father of the American navy (d. 1803).
- 1767 – Joachim Murat, French general (d. 1815).
- 1840 – Myles Keogh, Irish-American colonel (d. 1876).
- 1895 – Siegfried Handloser, German general and physician (d. 1954).
- 1897 – Leslie Averill, New Zealand doctor and soldier (d. 1981).
- 1905 – Albrecht Mertz von Quirnheim, German colonel (d. 1944).
- 1918 – Howard Cosell, American soldier, journalist, and author (d. 1995).
- 1928 – Jim Lovell, American captain, pilot, and astronaut.
- 1952 – Stephen Dorrell, English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for Health.
- 908 – Li Kening, Chinese general.
- 940 – Taira no Masakado, Japanese samurai.
- 1351 – Kō no Moronao, Japanese samurai.
- 1351 – Kō no Moroyasu, Japanese samurai.
- 1392 – Hosokawa Yoriyuki, Japanese samurai.
- 1603 – Ikoma Chikamasa, Japanese daimyō (b. 1526).
- 1918 – Peter Martin, Australian footballer and soldier (b. 1875).
- 2013 – John F. Wiley, American lieutenant, football player, and coach (b. 1920).