Strength Training for the Warfighter.
Optimising strength training for the warfighter is challenged by past training philosophies that no longer serve the modern warfighter facing the “anaerobic battlefield.” Training approaches for integration of strength with other needed physical capabilities have been shown to require a periodisation model that has the flexibility for changes and is able to adapt to ever-changing circumstances affecting the quality of workouts. Additionally, sequencing of workouts to limit over-reaching and development of overtraining syndromes that end in loss of duty time and injury are paramount to long-term success.
Allowing adequate time for rest and recovery and recognising the negative influences of extreme exercise programmes and excessive endurance training will be vital in moving physical training programmes into a more modern perspective as used by elite strength-power anaerobic athletes in sports today. Because the warfighter is an elite athlete, it is time that training approaches that are scientifically based are updated within the military to match the functional demands of modern warfare and are given greater credence and value at the command levels.
A needs analysis, development of periodised training modules, and individualisation of programmes are needed to optimise the strength of the modern warfighter. We now have the knowledge, professional coaches and nonprofit organisation certifications with continuing education units, and modern training technology to allow this to happen. Ultimately, it only takes command decisions and implementation to make this possible.
Source: Kraemer, W.J. & Szivak, T.K. (2012) Strength Training for the Warfighter. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. Suppl 2, S107-118.